Linux Essentials 2.0 Chapter 4 Exam Answers

NDG Linux Essentials 2.0 Chapter 4 Exam Answers

  1. Linux source code is available to:

    • Employees of the FBI, CIA and NSA with top secret clearance
    • Anyone who has the knowledge needed to access it
    • Only university researchers with a government grant
    • Only employees of the Linux Foundation
  2. Source code refers to:

    • The version of a program that the computer runs on the CPU
    • The interface that software uses to talk to the kernel
    • The license that dictates how you may use and share the software
    • A human-readable version of computer software
  3. Open source means:

    (choose two)

    • You can view the software’s source code
    • You must share your changes
    • You can modify the software’s source code
    • You cannot charge anything for the software
    • You must support the software you share
  4. A license where you don’t have access to the source code is called:

    • Impaired source
    • Closed source
    • Open source
    • Sourceless
  5. Open source licenses differ, but generally agree that:

    (choose two)

    • You are not allowed to sell the software
    • You must redistribute your changes
    • You should be able modify the software as you wish
    • You should have access to the source code of software
  6. Richard Stallman is associated with:

    • BSD Unix
    • Microsoft
    • The Free Software Foundation
    • The Apache foundation
    • The Open Source Initiative
  7. A copyleft provision in a software license means:

    • You may not link against third party closed source software
    • If you redistribute the software, you must distribute the source to any changes you make
    • You must provide free copies of the software if you use it
    • You must provide support for your modifications
    • You give up your copyright to the software
  8. The largest difference between the GPLv2 and BSD licenses is:

    • Nothing, they are virtually identical
    • BSD has no copyleft provision
    • GPLv2 requires assigning copyright to the FSF
    • GPLv2 is not approved by the OSI
    • Only BSD allows commercial use
  9. The Free Software Foundation believes that:

    (choose two)

    • Software should be free to modify
    • Software should be free to share
    • Software should not have copyright
    • People should write software with no expectation of making money
    • No money should ever change hands
  10. Which of the following licenses was made by the FSF?

    • Creative Commons
    • GPLv3
    • Apache
    • BSD
    • MIT
  11. A permissive free software license:

    (choose two)

    • Means you can use the software for anything you want
    • Does not allow the software to be locked to certain hardware
    • Places the software in the public domain
    • Places no restrictions on sharing modifications
    • Requires you share software changes but not binaries
  12. Linux is distributed under which license?

    • GPLv3
    • BSD
    • Linux Foundation
    • MIT
    • GPLv2
  13. Who founded the Open Source Initiative?

    (choose two)

    • University of California at Berkeley
    • Richard Stallman
    • Bruce Perens
    • Linus Torvalds
    • Eric Raymond
  14. A generic term for Open Source and Free Software is:

    • SLOFF
    • OS/FS
    • FLOSS
    • GPL
    • Libre Software
  15. Which are examples of permissive software licenses?

    (choose two)

    • BSD
    • LGPLv3
    • GPLv3
    • GPLv2
    • MIT
  16. What does it mean when a work is placed in the public domain?

    • The work was done by a government agency
    • You may not use the work for commercial purposes
    • The author has died
    • The author has relinquished the copyright on the work
    • You must redistribute changes to the software
  17. Creative Commons licenses allow you to:

    (choose three)

    • Specify whether or not people may distribute changes
    • Receive royalties on the use of the work
    • Allow or disallow commercial use
    • Specify whether or not changes must be shared
    • Get a veto on where the work is used
  18. If a podcast is licensed under the CC BY-ND license, you may:

    (choose two)

    • Use an interview or song from it for your own podcast
    • Post it to your website
    • Share it as long as you give credit to the author
    • Sell it as part of a compilation
    • Add ads to it and post it to your website.
  19. How can you make money from open source software?

    (choose three)

    • Unlock premium features for people that pay
    • Sell hardware that’s built to work with the software
    • Take payments for fixing bugs
    • Charge a yearly fee for the right to use the software
    • Provide paid consulting services for users
  20. The difference between the GPL and LGPL licenses are:

    • LGPL applies to web services
    • LGPL ensures that all variants of the original GPL program has the same freedom of use as the original
    • LGPL allows you to distribute the software in binary-only form
    • LGPL is shorter than GPL
    • LGPL was made by the OSI while GPL was made by the FSF
  21. Permissive free software licenses:

    (choose three)

    • Can allow software to be used inside closed source software
    • Include the GPLv2 and BSD
    • Are not approved by the FSF
    • Don’t have a copyleft provision
    • Are not approved by the OSI
  22. The Creative Commons version of Public Domain licensing is:

    • NoAttribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA)
    • Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC)
    • Attribution (CC BY)
    • No Rights Reserved (CC0)
    • Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (CC BY-NC-SA)
  23. Your company makes a hardware firewall that runs a custom Linux kernel. What are your obligations under GPLv2?

    • You must ensure your custom kernel runs on a regular Intel machine
    • There are no requirements
    • You must make the source to your kernel available
    • You must make your hardware designs available
    • You must make the source to your custom web interface available